Tom Và Jerry

Review of: Tom Và Jerry

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Im Mittelpunkt aller drei Bollywood Filme steht eine ganz und gar einzigartige Familie. Auf Grund der Sterne auf Amazon kann sich schon ein deutliches Bild zeigen. Statt der blichen 25 Minuten wird es am 18?

Tom Và Jerry

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Tom và Jerry: Giấc mơ kinh hoàng. Chú mèo Tom đã trải qua giấc mơ khủng khiếp đến nỗi khi tỉnh dậy, chú ta vẫn còn bàng hoàng. Tom và Jerry!!! Jackie Media. 53 views · December 26, Transport the large crane on the site to another place to work by specialized vehicles. Jackie Media. I LOVE Múi Xù! Because I love you: *. Tom & Jerry - Classic Cartoon Compilation - Tom, Jerry, & Spike!tom and jerry! tom jerry! tom and jerry cartoon! tom and jerry video! tom and jerry the movie! tom and jerry cartoon video!Cartoon!. ️ Tải ứng dụng POPS để xem hoạt hình và chương trình thiếu nhi hay: stcharlescaan.com ️ Xem ngay nhiều nội dung hay cho thiếu nhi.

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Script your way to gaming glory in Tom and Jerry: Chase with BlueStacks Script. Write and run a set of commands to automate repeated tasks.

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Inuyasha Awakening. Fashion Star Mobi. Candy Crush. Occasionally, they bond over a mutual sentiment towards an unpleasant experience and their attacking each other is more play than serious attacks.

Multiple shorts show the two getting along with minimal difficulty, and they are more than capable of working together when the situation calls for it, usually against a third party who manages to torture and humiliate them both.

Sometimes this partnership is forgotten quickly when an unexpected event happens, or when one character feels that the other is no longer necessary.

This is the case in Posse Cat , when they agree that Jerry will allow himself to be caught if Tom agrees to share his reward dinner, but Tom then reneges.

Other times, however, Tom does keep his promise to Jerry and the partnerships are not quickly dissolved after the problem is solved.

Tom changes his love interest many times. The first love interest is Toots who appears in Puss n' Toots , and calls him "Tommy" in The Mouse Comes to Dinner.

He is also interested in a cat called Toots in The Zoot Cat although she has a different appearance to the original Toots. The most frequent love interest of Tom's is Toodles Galore , who never has any dialogue in the cartoons.

Despite five shorts ending with a depiction of Tom's apparent death, his demise is never permanent; he even reads about his own death in a flashback in Jerry's Diary.

He appears to die in explosions in Mouse Trouble after which he is seen in heaven , Yankee Doodle Mouse and in Safety Second , while in The Two Mouseketeers he is guillotined offscreen.

The short Blue Cat Blues ends with both Tom and Jerry sitting on the railroad tracks with the intent of suicide while the whistle of an oncoming train is heard foreshadowing their imminent death.

Although many supporting and minor characters speak, Tom and Jerry rarely do so themselves. One exception is The Lonesome Mouse where they speak several times briefly, primarily Jerry, to contrive to get Tom back into the house.

Tom more often sings while wooing female cats; for example, Tom sings Louis Jordan 's " Is You Is or Is You Ain't My Baby " in the short Solid Serenade.

In that short and Zoot Cat , Tom woos female cats using a deep, heavily French-accented voice in imitation of then-popular leading man, actor Charles Boyer.

At the end of The Million Dollar Cat , after beginning to antagonize Jerry he says, "Gee, I'm throwin' away a million dollars BUT I'M HAPPY!

In The Mouse Comes to Dinner , Tom speaks to his girlfriend Toots while inadvertently sitting on a stove: "Say, what's cookin'?

Co-director William Hanna provided most of the squeaks, gasps, and other vocal effects for the pair, including the most famous sound effects from the series, Tom's leather-lunged scream created by recording Hanna's scream and eliminating the beginning and ending of the recording, leaving only the strongest part of the scream on the soundtrack and Jerry's nervous gulp.

The only other reasonably common vocalization is made by Tom when some external reference claims a certain scenario or eventuality to be impossible, which inevitably, ironically happens to thwart Tom's plans — at which point, a bedraggled and battered Tom appears and says in a haunting, echoing voice "Don't you believe it!

In the short Trap Happy , Tom hires a cat disguised as a mouse exterminator who, after several failed attempts to dispatch Jerry and suffering a lot of accidents in the process, changes profession to Cat exterminator by crossing out the "Mouse" on his title and writing "CAT", resulting in Tom spelling out the word out loud before reluctantly pointing at himself.

One short, 's Blue Cat Blues , is narrated by Jerry in voiceover voiced by Paul Frees as they try to win back their ladyfriends.

Jerry was voiced by Sara Berner during his appearance in the MGM musical Anchors Aweigh. Tom and Jerry: The Movie is the first and so far only installment of the series where the famous cat-and-mouse duo regularly speaks.

In that movie, Tom was voiced by Richard Kind , and Jerry was voiced by Dana Hill. In his attempts to catch Jerry, Tom often has to deal with Spike known as "Killer" and "Butch" in some shorts , an angry, vicious but easily duped bulldog who tries to attack Tom for bothering him or his son Tyke while trying to get Jerry.

Originally, Spike was unnamed and mute aside from howls and biting noises as well as attacking indiscriminately, not caring whether it was Tom or Jerry though usually attacking Tom.

In later cartoons, Spike spoke often, using a voice and expressions performed by Billy Bletcher and later Daws Butler modeled after comedian Jimmy Durante.

Spike's coat has altered throughout the years between gray and creamy tan. The addition of Spike's son Tyke in the late s led to both a slight softening of Spike's character and a short-lived spin-off theatrical series Spike and Tyke.

Most cartoons with Spike in them conform to a theme: usually, Spike is trying to accomplish something such as building a dog house or sleeping when Tom and Jerry's antics stop him doing it.

Spike then presumably due to prejudice singles out Tom as the culprit, and threatens him that if it ever happens again, he will do "something horrible" to him effectively forcing Tom to take the blame while Jerry overhears; afterward, Jerry usually does anything he can to interrupt whatever Spike is doing while Tom barely manages to stop him usually getting injured in the process.

Usually, Jerry does eventually wreck whatever Spike is doing in spectacular fashion and leaves Tom to take the blame, forcing him to flee from Spike and inevitably lose usually because Tom is usually framed by Jerry and that Spike just doesn't like Tom.

Off-screen, Spike does something to Tom and finally, Tom is generally shown injured or in a bad situation while Jerry smugly cuddles up to Spike unscathed.

Tom sometimes gets irritated with Spike an example is in That's My Pup! At least once, however, Tom does something that benefits Spike, who promises not to interfere ever again; causing Jerry to frantically leave the house and run into the distance in Hic-cup Pup.

Spike is well known for his famous " Listen pussycat! Tyke is described as a cute, sweet-looking, happy and lovable puppy. He is Spike's son; but unlike Spike, Tyke does not speak and only communicates mostly towards his father by barking, yapping, wagging his tail, whimpering and growling.

Spike would always go out of his way to care and comfort his son and make sure that he is safe from Tom. Tyke loves his father and Spike loves his son and they get along like friends, although most of time they would be taking a nap or Spike would teach Tyke the main facts of life of being a dog.

Like Spike, Tyke's appearance has altered throughout the years, from gray with white paws to creamy tan. Butch is a black, cigar-smoking alley cat who also wants to eat Jerry.

He is Tom's most frequent adversary. However, for most of the shorts he appears in, he is usually seen rivaling Tom over Toodles.

Butch was also Tom's chum as in some cartoons, where Butch is leader of Tom's alley cat buddies, who are mostly Lightning , Topsy , and Meathead.

Butch talks more often than Tom or Jerry in most shorts. Butch and Toodles were originally introduced in Hugh Harman 's short The Alley Cat , but were integrated into Tom and Jerry rather than continuing in their own series.

Nibbles is a small gray mouse who often appears in shorts as an orphan mouse. He is a carefree individual who very rarely understands the danger of the situation, simply following instructions the best he can both to Jerry's command and his own innocent understanding of the situation.

This can lead to such results as "getting the cheese" by simply asking Tom to pick it up for him, rather than following Jerry's example of outmaneuvering and sneaking around Tom.

Many times Nibbles is an ally of Jerry in fights against Tom, including being the second Mouseketeer. He is given speaking roles in all his appearances as a Mouseketeer, often with a high-pitched French tone.

However, during a short in which he rescued Robin Hood, his voice was instead more masculine, gruff, and cockney accented.

Mammy Two Shoes is a heavy-set, middle-aged black woman who often has to deal with the mayhem generated by the lead characters.

Voiced by character actress Lillian Randolph , she is often seen as the owner of Tom. Her face was only shown once, very briefly, in Saturday Evening Puss.

Mammy's appearances have often been edited out, dubbed, or re-animated as a slim white woman in later television showings, since her character is a mammy archetype now often regarded as racist.

The term comes from Life in London, or Days and Nights of Jerry Hawthorne and his elegant friend Corinthian Tom by Pierce Egan.

In June , animator and storyman Joseph Barbera began to work for the Ising animation unit at MGM , then the largest studio in Hollywood.

Mayer wished to boost the animation department by encouraging the artists to develop some new cartoon characters, following the lack of success with its earlier cartoon series based on the Captain and the Kids comic strip.

Barbera then teamed with fellow Ising unit animator and director William Hanna and pitched new ideas, among them was the concept of two "equal characters who were always in conflict with each other".

The pair discussed their ideas with producer Fred Quimby , then the head of the short film department who, despite a lack of interest in it, gave them the green-light to produce one cartoon short.

The first short, Puss Gets the Boot , features a cat named Jasper and an unnamed mouse, [12] named Jinx in pre-production, and an African American housemaid named Mammy Two Shoes.

Leonard Maltin described it as "very new and special [ After MGM gave the green-light for Hanna and Barbera to continue, the studio entered production on the second Tom and Jerry cartoon, The Midnight Snack The composer of the series, Scott Bradley , made it difficult for the musicians to perform his score which often involved the twelve-tone technique developed by Arnold Schoenberg.

Hanna and Barbera made minor adjustments to Tom and Jerry's appearance so they would "age gracefully". Hanna and Barbera produced cartoons for MGM, thirteen of which were nominated for an Academy Award for Best Short Subject and seven went on to win, breaking the winning streak held by Walt Disney's studio in the category.

Tom and Jerry won more Academy Awards than any other character-based theatrical animated series. As per standard practice for American animation production at the time, Barbera and Hanna did not work with a script beforehand.

The rise in television in the s caused problems for the MGM animation studio, leading to budget cuts on Tom and Jerry cartoons due to decreased revenue from theatrical screenings.

However, the studio found that re-releases of older cartoons were earning as much as new ones, resulting in the executive decision to cease production on Tom and Jerry and later the animation studio on May 15, Before , all Tom and Jerry cartoons were produced in the standard Academy ratio and format; in and , some of the output was dually produced in dual versions: one Academy-ratio negative composed for a flat widescreen 1.

From until the close of the MGM cartoon studio a year later, all Tom and Jerry cartoons were produced in CinemaScope, some even had their soundtracks recorded in Perspecta directional audio.

All of the Hanna and Barbera cartoons were shot as successive color exposure negatives in Technicolor. In , MGM revived the Tom and Jerry franchise, and contracted European animation studio Rembrandt Films to produce 13 Tom and Jerry shorts in Prague , Czechoslovakia.

Sound effects were produced by electronic music composer Tod Dockstader and Deitch. The majority of vocal effects and voices in Deitch's films were provided by Allen Swift and Deitch.

Deitch states that, being a " UPA man", he was not a fan of the Tom and Jerry cartoons, thinking they were "needlessly violent".

Background art was done in a more simplistic, angular, Art Deco -esque style. The soundtracks featured sparse and echoic electronic music , futuristic sound effects , heavy reverb , and dialogue that was mumbled rather than spoken.

According to Jen Nessel of The New York Times , "The Czech style had nothing in common with these gag-driven cartoons. Whereas Hanna-Barbera's shorts generally took place in and outside of a house, Deitch's shorts opted for more exotic locations, such as a 19th-century whaling ship, the jungles of Nairobi , an Ancient Greek acropolis, or the Wild West.

In addition, Mammy Two-Shoes was replaced as Tom's owner by a bald, overweight, short-tempered, middle-aged white man, who bore a striking resemblance to Clint Clobber.

Just like Spike the Bulldog, he is also much more brutal and violent in punishing Tom's actions as compared to previous owners, often beating and thrashing Tom repeatedly.

To avoid being linked to Communism, Deitch romanized the Czech names of his crew in the opening credits of the shorts e. In addition, these shorts are among the few Tom and Jerry cartoons not to carry the "Made In Hollywood, U.

Vogel had approved of Deitch and his team's work, but MGM decided not to renew their contract after Vogel's departure.

Deitch's shorts were commercial successes. In , the Tom and Jerry series became the highest-grossing animated short film series of that time, dethroning Looney Tunes , which had held the position for 16 years; this success was repeated once more in The s entries were done in Metrocolor but returned to the standard Academy ratio and format.

After the last of the Deitch cartoons were released, Chuck Jones , who had been fired from his plus year tenure at Warner Bros. Beginning in , Jones and Goldman went on to produce 34 more Tom and Jerry shorts , all of which carried Jones' distinctive style and a slight psychedelic influence.

Jones had trouble adapting his style to Tom and Jerry ' s brand of humor, and a number of the cartoons favored full animation, personality and style over storyline.

The characters underwent a slight change of appearance: Tom was given thicker eyebrows resembling Jones' Grinch , Count Blood Count or Wile E.

Coyote , a less complex look including the color of his fur becoming gray , sharper ears, longer tail and furrier cheeks resembling Jones' Claude Cat or Sylvester , while Jerry was given larger eyes and ears, a lighter brown color, and a sweeter, Porky Pig -like expression.

Some of Jones' Tom and Jerry cartoons are reminiscent of his work with Wile E. Coyote and the Road Runner , included the uses of blackout gags and gags involving characters falling from high places.

Jones co-directed the majority of the shorts with layout artist Maurice Noble. The remaining shorts were directed by Abe Levitow and Ben Washam , with Tom Ray directing two shorts built around footage from earlier Tom and Jerry cartoons directed by Hanna and Barbera, and Jim Pabian directed a short with Maurice Noble.

Various vocal characteristics were made by Mel Blanc , June Foray and even Jones himself. These shorts contain a memorable opening theme, in which Tom first replaces the MGM lion, then is trapped inside the "O" of his name.

Though Jones's shorts were generally considered an improvement over Deitch's, they nevertheless had varying degrees of critical success.

MGM ceased production of Tom and Jerry shorts in , by which time Jones had moved on to television specials and the feature film The Phantom Tollbooth.

Beginning in , the Hanna and Barbera Tom and Jerry cartoons began to appear on television in heavily edited versions. The Jones team was required to take the cartoons featuring Mammy Two Shoes and remove her by pasting over the scenes featuring her with new scenes.

Most of the time, she was replaced with a similarly fat white Irish woman; occasionally, as in Saturday Evening Puss , a thin white teenager took her place instead, with both characters voiced by June Foray.

However, recent telecasts on Cartoon Network and Boomerang retain Mammy with new voiceover work performed by Thea Vidale to remove the stereotypical black jargon featured on the original cartoon soundtracks.

The standard Tom and Jerry opening titles were removed as well. Instead of the roaring MGM Lion sequence, an opening sequence featuring different clips of the cartoons was used instead.

The title cards were also changed. A pink title card with the name written in white font was used instead. Debuting on CBS ' Saturday morning schedule on September 25, , Tom and Jerry moved to CBS Sundays two years later and remained there until September 17, In , Tom and Jerry were reunited with Hanna and Barbera, who produced The Tom and Jerry Show for Saturday mornings.

This format has not been used in newer Tom and Jerry entrees. Filmation Studios in association with MGM Television also tried their hands at producing a Tom and Jerry TV series.

Their version, The Tom and Jerry Comedy Show , debuted in , and also featured new cartoons starring Droopy , Spike from Tom and Jerry , and the same version also used in Droopy , Slick Wolf, and Barney Bear , not seen since the original MGM shorts.

The Filmation Tom and Jerry cartoons were noticeably different from Hanna-Barbera's efforts, as they returned Tom and Jerry to the original chase formula, with a somewhat more " slapstick " humor format.

This incarnation, much like the version, was not as well received by audiences as the originals, and lasted on CBS Saturday mornings from September 6, , to September 4, In , MGM was purchased by WTBS founder Ted Turner.

Turner sold the company a short while later, but retained MGM's pre film library, thus Tom and Jerry became the property of Turner Entertainment Co.

It featured a youthful version of the famous cat-and-mouse duo chasing each other. As with the H-B series, Jerry wears his red bowtie, while Tom now wears a red cap.

Spike and his son Tyke who now had talking dialogue , and Droopy and his son Dripple, appeared in back-up segments for the show, which ran until November 18, In , a new television special titled Tom and Jerry: The Mansion Cat premiered on Boomerang.

It featured Joe Barbera who was also a creative consultant as the voice of Tom's owner, whose face is never seen. In this cartoon, Jerry, housed in a habitrail , is as much of a house pet as Tom is, and their owner has to remind Tom to not "blame everything on the mouse".

In , a new Tom and Jerry theatrical short, titled The Karate Guard , which had been written and directed by Barbera and Spike Brandt, storyboarded by Joseph Barbera and Iwao Takamoto and produced by Joseph Barbera, Spike Brandt, and Tony Cervone premiered in Los Angeles cinemas on September 27, As part of the celebration of Tom and Jerry ' s sixty-fifth anniversary, this marked Barbera's first return as a writer, director and storyboard artist on the series since his and Hanna's original MGM cartoon shorts, and last overall; he would die shortly after production ended.

The short debuted on Cartoon Network on January 27, During the first half of , a new series called Tom and Jerry Tales was produced at Warner Bros.

Thirteen half-hour episodes each consisting of three shorts, some of them—like The Karate Guard —were produced and completed in as part of a plus theatrical cartoon schedule aborted after the financial disaster of Looney Tunes: Back in Action were produced, with only markets outside of the United States and United Kingdom signed up.

The show then came to the UK in February on Boomerang , and it went to the U. The series was canceled in , shortly before the Kids' WB block shut down.

Tales is also the first Tom and Jerry production presented in widescreen aspect ratio which was aired on Cartoon Network in the United States but cropped to fullscreen aspect ratio which was aired on The CW and Boomerang in the United States.

Cartoon Network , which began rerunning the Tom and Jerry Tales in January , subsequently aired a second series consisting of two minute shorts per episode that likewise sought to maintain the look, core characters and sensibility of the original theatrical shorts.

Similar to other reboot works like Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated and The Looney Tunes Show , several episodes the new series brought Tom and Jerry into contemporary environments, telling new stories and relocating the characters to more fantastic worlds, from a medieval castle to a mad scientist's lab.

Titled The Tom and Jerry Show , the series is produced by Warner Bros. Animation , with Sam Register serving as executive producer in collaboration with Darrell Van Citters and Ashley Postelwaite at Renegade Animation.

Originally slated for an undated Cartoon Network premiere [32] before being pushed back to April 9, , this is the second Tom and Jerry production presented in widescreen aspect ratio.

In November , a two-minute sketch was shown as part of the Children in Need telethon in the United Kingdom, the sketch was produced as a collaboration with Warner Bros.

In May , WB Kids began releasing excerpts from various Tom and Jerry works to the online platform YouTube. When shown on terrestrial television in the United Kingdom from April to February , usually on the BBC Tom and Jerry cartoons were not edited for violence, and Mammy was retained.

As well as having regular slots mainly after the evening BBC News with around two shorts shown every evening and occasionally shown on children's network CBBC in the morning , Tom and Jerry served the BBC in another way.

When faced with disruption to the schedules for example when live broadcasts overran , the BBC would invariably turn to Tom and Jerry to fill any gaps, confident that it would retain much of an audience that might otherwise channel hop.

This proved particularly helpful in , when Noel's House Party had to be cancelled due to an IRA bomb scare at BBC Television Centre ; Tom and Jerry was shown instead, bridging the gap until the next programme.

Due to its very limited use of dialogue, Tom and Jerry was easily translated into various foreign languages.

Tom and Jerry began broadcast in Japan in A nationwide survey taken in Japan by TV Asahi , sampling age groups from teenagers to adults in their sixties, ranked Tom and Jerry 85 in a list of the top " anime " of all time; while their web poll taken after the airing of the list ranked it at 58 — the only non-Japanese animation on the list, and beating anime classics like Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle , A Little Princess Sara , and the ultra-classics Macross and Ghost in the Shell.

In Japan, the word "anime" refers to all animation regardless of origin, not just Japanese animation. Unlike some other Western cartoons such as Bob the Builder and Postman Pat , whose characters had to be doctored to have five fingers in each hand instead of the original four, [44] Tom and Jerry aired in Japan without such edits, as did other series starring non-human protagonists such as SpongeBob SquarePants.

Tom and Jerry have long since been popular in Germany. The different shorts are usually linked together with key scenes from Jerry's Diary , in which Tom reads about his and Jerry's past adventures.

The cartoons are introduced with rhyming German language verse, and when necessary, a German voice spoke the translations of English labels on items and similar information.

The show was aired in mainland China by CCTV in the mids to the early s and was extremely popular at the time. Collections of the show are still a prominent feature in Chinese book stores.

In the Philippines, the series was aired on ABS-CBN from until its closure due to the country's declaration of martial law in , with the later Hanna-Barbera shorts from Barbecue Brawl to Tot Watchers and all of Gene Deitch and Chuck Jones shorts.

RPN aired most of Hanna-Barbera shorts from until ABS-CBN would later return to the air after the restoration of democracy in and air the same shorts as in the pre-martial law era.

This lasted until the end of In Indonesia, the series was aired on TPI later re-branded as MNCTV from the mids to early s and RCTI during s.

Even though Gene Deitch 's shorts were created in Czechoslovakia — , the first official TV release of Tom and Jerry were in It was one of the few cartoons of western origin broadcast in Czechoslovakia and Romania until before the fall of the Soviet Union in Tom and Jerry's first feature film appearance was in the MGM musical Anchors Aweigh , in which Jerry performs a dance number with Gene Kelly.

In this scene, Tom also made a cameo as a servant. Filmmakers had wanted Mickey Mouse for the scene, but Walt Disney had rejected the deal, as the Disney studio was focusing on its own cartoons to help pay off its debts after World War II.

Tom and Jerry's second feature film appearance was swimming with Esther Williams in a dream sequence in another MGM musical, Dangerous When Wet On October 1, , the first international release of Tom and Jerry: The Movie arrived when the film was released overseas to theaters in Europe [47] and then domestically by Miramax Films on July 30, , [48] with future video and DVD releases that would be sold under Warner Bros.

Barbera served as creative consultant for the picture, which was produced and directed by Phil Roman. The film was a musical with a structure similar to MGM's blockbusters, The Wizard of Oz and Singin' in the Rain.

In , Warner Bros. It would mark the last time Hanna and Barbera co-produced a Tom and Jerry cartoon together, as William Hanna died shortly after The Magic Ring was released.

Four years later, Bill Kopp scripted and directed two more Tom and Jerry DTV features for the studio, Tom and Jerry: Blast Off to Mars and Tom and Jerry: The Fast and the Furry , the latter one based on a story by Barbera.

Both were released on DVD in , marking the celebration of Tom and Jerry's 65th anniversary. In , another direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry: Shiver Me Whiskers , tells the story about the pair having to work together to find the treasure.

Joe came up with the storyline for the next film, Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker Tale , as well as the initial idea of synchronizing the on-screen actions to music from Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite.

This DTV film, directed by Spike Brandt and Tony Cervone , would be Joe Barbera's last Tom and Jerry project due to his death in December The holiday-set animated film was released on DVD in late and dedicated to Barbera.

A new direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry Meet Sherlock Holmes , was released on August 24, It is the first made-for-video Tom and Jerry movie produced without any of the characters' original creators.

The next direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz , was released on August 23, and was the first made-for-video Tom and Jerry movie made for Blu-ray.

It had a preview showing on Cartoon Network. Robin Hood and His Merry Mouse was released on Blu-ray and DVD on October 2, Studios, Leavesden later in Like many animated cartoons from the s to the s, Tom and Jerry featured racial stereotypes.

Perhaps the most controversial element of the show is the character Mammy Two Shoes, a poor black maid who speaks in a stereotypical "black accent".

Joseph Barbera, who was responsible for these gags, claimed that they did not reflect his racial opinion; they were just reflecting what was common in society and cartoons at the time and were meant to be humorous.

Mammy Two-Shoes' voice was re-dubbed by Turner in the mids to make the character sound less stereotypical; the resulting accent sounds more Irish.

Two shorts — His Mouse Friday , [a] which depicts cannibals, and A Mouse in the House , shows Mammy getting spanked repeatedly by Tom and Butch in the end resulting racial abuse - have been removed from circulation.

In Tom and Jerry's "Spotlight Collection" DVD, a disclaimer by Whoopi Goldberg warns viewers about the potentially offensive material in the cartoons and emphasizes that they were "wrong then and they are wrong today", borrowing a phrase from the Warner Bros.

Golden collection. This disclaimer is also used in the "Tom and Jerry Golden Collection: Volume 1" on iTunes. The cartoons you are about to see are products of their time.

They may depict some of the ethnic and racial prejudices that were commonplace in the U. These depictions were wrong then and they are wrong today.

While the following does not represent the Warner Bros. As of , most shorts that feature Mammy Two Shoes, except Part Time Pal , are rarely seen on Cartoon Network and Boomerang.

There are other shorts The Lonesome Mouse , [b] Blue Cat Blues , [c] three Gene Deitch shorts featuring Tom's bald owner, [d] and The Mouse from H.

In , the British version of the Boomerang channel made plans to edit Tom and Jerry cartoons being aired in the UK where the characters were seen to be smoking.

There was a subsequent investigation by UK media watchdog Ofcom. One Gene Deitch-era short, Buddies Thicker Than Water , is shortened as one scene involves drunkenness.

In , it was reported that Cartoon Network of Brazil censored 27 shorts on the grounds of being "politically incorrect". Tom and Jerry began appearing in comic books in , as one of the features in Dell Comics ' Our Gang Comics.

In , with MGM's live-action Our Gang shorts having ceased production five years earlier, the series was renamed Tom and Jerry Comics.

That title ran issues with Dell before being handed off to Western Publishing , where it ran until issue in Tom and Jerry continued to appear in various comic books for the rest of the 20th century.

A Tom and Jerry comic strip was syndicated from to Although credited to MGM animation studio head Fred Quimby , experts believe the strips were ghosted by Gene Hazleton and possibly Ernie Stanzoni and Dan Gormley.

The pair have appeared in a number of video games as well, spanning titles for systems for the Sega Genesis plus also Sega Game Gear and the Sega Master System and their rival console around the s, Nintendo Entertainment System and Super NES and Nintendo 64 to more recent entries for PlayStation 2 , Xbox , and GameCube and also on the portable Nintendo consoles, Game Boy and Nintendo DS.

Throughout the years, the term and title Tom and Jerry became practically synonymous with never-ending rivalry, as much as the related "cat and mouse fight" metaphor has.

Yet in Tom and Jerry it was not the more powerful Tom who usually came out on top. In , TV Asahi ranked Tom and Jerry as 58th of the Top Animated TV Series in Japan overall, outranking titles like Rurouni Kenshin , Initial D , and even Macross.

In January , IGN named Tom and Jerry as the 66th best in the Top Animated TV Shows. Atari named the main pair of chips in the Jaguar 's chipset after the duo.

The Tom chip is its GPU , while the Jerry chip is the DSP. In , the magazine National Lampoon referenced Tom and Jerry in a violence-filled comic book parody, Kit 'n' Kaboodle.

In an interview found on the DVD releases, several MADtv cast members stated that Tom and Jerry is one of their biggest influences for slapstick comedy.

Also in the Cartoon Network show MAD , Tom and Jerry appear in three segments "Celebrity Birthdays", "Mickey Mouse Exterminator Service", and "Tom and Jury".

Johnny Knoxville from Jackass has stated that watching Tom and Jerry inspired many of the stunts in the movies.

In the second episode of season 2 of Dexter's Laboratory , a segment titled "Mom and Jerry" is a parody of Tom and Jerry , but with a mother and a mouse with Dexter's brain inside.

In the pre-video era, Tom and Jerry cartoons were a popular subject for 8mm home movies, with the UK-based Walton Films issuing dozens of titles as colour one-reel Super 8 films, in both silent and sound editions.

Walton's agreement with MGM obligated them to release the films in slightly edited form, even though the single-reel format would have comfortably accommodated the cartoons' seven to eight minute running time.

The cartoons are all intact save for His Mouse Friday dialogue has been wiped and Saturday Evening Puss , which is the re-drawn version with June Foray's voice added.

There have been several Tom and Jerry DVDs released in Region 1 United States and Canada , including a series of two-disc sets known as the Tom and Jerry Spotlight Collection.

There have been negative responses to Vol. A replacement program offering uncut versions of the shorts on DVD was later announced. There are also negative responses to Vol.

There have been two Tom and Jerry DVD sets in Region 2. In Western Europe, most of the Tom and Jerry shorts have been released only two, The Million Dollar Cat and Busy Buddies , were not included under the name " Tom and Jerry: The Classic Collection ".

Almost all of the shorts contain re-dubbed Mammy Two-Shoes tracks. Despite these cuts, His Mouse Friday , the only Tom and Jerry cartoon to be completely taken off the airwaves in some countries due to claims of racism, is included, unedited with the exception of zooming-in as on the North American set.

These are regular TV prints sent from the U. Shorts produced in CinemaScope are presented in pan and scan. Mouse Cleaning and Casanova Cat are presented uncut as part of these sets.

Another Tom and Jerry Region 2 DVD set is available in Japan. As with "The Classic Collection" in Western Europe, almost all of the shorts including His Mouse Friday contain cuts.

Slicked-up Pup , Tom's Photo Finish , Busy Buddies , The Egg and Jerry , Tops with Pops and Feedin' the Kiddie are excluded from these sets.

However, most of these cartoons are included in the UK version. Most shorts produced in CinemaScope are presented in pan and scan for showing on the aspect ratio television screen.

Prior to , the Gene Deitch-era shorts saw limited home media release outside of Europe and Asia. In the United Kingdom, the shorts are available on the second side of the "Tom and Jerry: The Classic Collection: Volume 5" DVD.

In the United States, The Tom and Jerry Cartoon Kit , Down and Outing , and Carmen Get It! On June 2, , Tom and Jerry: The Gene Deitch Collection DVD was released in the United States, with all thirteen shorts as well as special features.

The Chuck Jones-era Tom and Jerry shorts were released in a two-disc set titled " Tom and Jerry: The Chuck Jones Collection " on June 23, The sets were aimed at the collector in a way that the previous " Spotlight " DVD releases were not.

In February , it was announced by TVShowsOnDVD. The following cartoons won the Academy Award for Best Short Subject: Cartoons : [88].

These cartoons were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Short Subject: Cartoons, but did not win:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 2 February This article is about the animal cartoon series. For the titular characters, see Tom Cat and Jerry Mouse.

For other uses, see Tom and Jerry disambiguation. Hanna Barbera cartoon series. The title card seen in Tom and Jerry shorts from to William Hanna —58 Joseph Barbera —58 Gene Deitch —62 Chuck Jones —67 Maurice Noble —67 Abe Levitow —67 Tom Ray —67 Ben Washam — Rudolf Ising Fred Quimby —55 William Hanna —58 Joseph Barbera —58 William L.

Snyder —62 Chuck Jones —67 Walter Bien —65 Les Goldman —67 Earl Jonas — William Hanna —58 Joseph Barbera —58 Gene Deitch —62 Eli Bauer —62 Larz Bourne —62 Michael Maltese —67 Jim Pabian Bob Ogle —67 John W.

Tom Và Jerry
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